Upon cessation of the armed conflict and the initiation of the process of normalization in the region, the number of refugees in Serbia decreased: the census in 1996. organized by the Commissariat in cooperation with the United Nations High Commissariat for Refugees (UNHCR), registered 537.937 refugees and 79.791 war-affected persons. Five years later (2001), the Commissariat, again in collaboration with UNHCR, organized census, which registered 377.131 refugees and 74.849 war-affected persons. This number is even more reduced, so that the registration of refugees residing in the Republic of Serbia, which was conducted from the 27 of November 2004. to the 25 of January 2005. counted 141.685 refugees. Out of this number the refugee status for 104.246 persons was confirmed.
According to the estimates of the Commissariat, from the Republic of Serbia to the country of origin returned around 69.500 people to Croatia and about 79.000 to Bosnia and Herzegovina and other former Yugoslav republics. To the third countries returned around 46.000 people. It is estimated that about 40.000 people died.
Current number of refugees in the Republic of Serbia is 27.802 persons (19.038 from the Republic of Croatia and 8.764 from Bosnia and Herzegovina).